Epic Schopenhauer

I sit down on my sofa in this late hour,

to read a book written by Arthur Schopenhauer.

I soon fall asleep and dream I am dead,

the dream turns out to be strange and mad.

My beta waves are all visible and high,

and I think that the epic of death is a lie.

Very peculiar shapes come to my mind,

I wonder if I have been mostly blind,

while I watch how a giant chemist,

produces intelligent life on other planets.

I walk through a tunnel for about an hour,

and at the end I see the silhouette of Schopenhauer.

I spontaneously ask him if I am gone or still exist,

and he says: ”My dear,we are all on the playback list.

Cellular death starts in the first hours of our life,

and in the end it cuts through dimensions like a sharp knife,

to finally open a pre-installed golden firewall,

so  mind waves can go after an ever extending call,

to accelerate the energetic vehicle of heaven’s fire,

because consciousness has the strong desire,

to form manifestations in endless shapes,

and one possibility are intelligent apes,

who sit on a sofa at a very late hour,

to read in the mind of me,old Schopenhauer.

This self inflicted very careless action,

has brought you into my reflection.

And I surly will mention in my book,

your overall pale and mortal look!

So read about yourself my dear.

Immortal mind does re-appear.” 

© Written by: Anja Jaenicke

The painting is by Anja Jaenicke, pastel on paper, 297 x 420 mm

Creating the Perfect Electric Vehicle Charging Station at Home: A Step-by-Step Guide

As electric vehicles (EVs) become increasingly popular, having a dedicated charging station at home offers unmatched convenience and control over your charging needs. This step-by-step guide is designed to empower the average consumer to create their ideal EV charging station right at home. From understanding the basics to selecting the right equipment and optimizing installation, we’ll provide you with the knowledge and confidence to set up a reliable and efficient charging solution. Get ready to enjoy the convenience of waking up to a fully charged EV each day. Let’s begin the journey towards creating the perfect electric vehicle charging station at home!

Understanding The Basics

Before diving into home electric vehicle (EV) charger installation, it’s crucial to grasp the fundamental concepts and terminology associated with EV charging. This understanding will lay the foundation for making informed decisions throughout the installation process. Let’s explore the key basics:

Charging Levels:

Electric vehicle charging is categorized into different levels, commonly known as Level 1, Level 2, and Level 3 (DC fast charging).

  • Level 1 Charging: This is the simplest and slowest charging method, utilizing a standard household outlet (120 volts). It provides around 2 to 5 miles of range per hour of charging and is suitable for overnight charging or when you have ample time available.
  • Level 2 Charging: Level 2 charging requires a dedicated 240-volt electrical circuit, similar to what an electric dryer or oven would use. It offers faster charging speeds, typically providing 10 to 30 miles of range per hour of charging. Level 2 chargers are the most common choice for home charging stations due to their efficiency and moderate cost.
  • Level 3 (DC Fast Charging): Level 3 charging, also known as DC fast charging, provides the fastest charging speeds. These chargers utilize direct current (DC) power and are typically found in public charging stations or along highways. DC fast chargers can replenish an EV’s battery up to 80% in around 30 minutes, making them ideal for quick pit stops during longer journeys.

Charging Connector Types:

EV charging stations use various connector types, and it’s important to ensure compatibility between your vehicle and the charger. The most common connector types include:

  • SAE J1772 (Type 1): This connector is primarily used in North America and is compatible with most electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles.
  • IEC 62196 (Type 2): This connector is widely used in Europe and supports both AC Level 2 charging and DC fast charging.

Understanding these basics will provide you with a solid foundation as you proceed with creating your perfect EV charging station at home.

Selecting the Right Equipment

Choosing the appropriate equipment is crucial to ensure a reliable and efficient electric vehicle (EV) charging station at home. Consider the following factors when selecting the right equipment for your needs:

●     EV Charger Type:

Determine whether you need a Level 1 or Level 2 charger based on your charging requirements and available electrical capacity. Level 1 chargers are typically included with EV purchases, but if you prefer faster charging, a Level 2 charger is recommended for home installations.

●     Charger Power Capacity:

The power capacity of your charger, measured in kilowatts (kW), determines how quickly your vehicle can charge. Higher power capacity chargers offer faster charging speeds. However, the charging speed is also dependent on your vehicle’s onboard charger capabilities. Check your vehicle’s specifications to ensure compatibility with the charger’s power capacity.

●     Connector Type:

Ensure that the charger you select supports the appropriate connector type for your EV. The most common connectors are SAE J1772 (Type 1) for North America and IEC 62196 (Type 2) for Europe. Make sure the charger and vehicle connectors match to ensure a proper connection.

●     Smart Charging Features:

Consider chargers with smart features such as Wi-Fi connectivity, smartphone

apps, and scheduling capabilities. These features allow you to monitor charging

remotely, optimize charging times, and take advantage of utility rate programs for

cost savings.

●     Safety and Certifications:

Look for chargers that meet safety standards and certifications, such as UL, CE, or TUV. These certifications ensure the charger has undergone rigorous testing to guarantee safe and reliable operation.

●     Brand Reputation and Warranty:

Research reputable brands known for quality and customer support. Check for warranties that cover the charger’s components and ensure proper service and support in case of any issues.

●     Additional Considerations:

Consider factors like durability, weather resistance (if the charger will be installed outdoors), and aesthetics to choose a charger that suits your preferences and the installation location.

By considering these factors, you can select the right equipment that aligns with your charging needs and provides a seamless charging experience for your EV at home.

Optimizing Installation

Once you have selected the appropriate equipment for your electric vehicle (EV) charging station, it’s time to optimize the installation process. Follow these steps to ensure a smooth and efficient setup:

●     Assess Electrical Capacity:

Evaluate your home’s electrical capacity to determine if any upgrades are necessary. Consult with a licensed electrician to assess your electrical panel’s capacity and ensure it can handle the additional load of an EV charger. Upgrading to a higher amperage circuit breaker and thicker wiring may be required for Level 2 charging stations.

●     Location Selection:

Choose a suitable location for your EV charger installation. Ideally, it should be close to your parking area, with sufficient space for maneuvering your vehicle. Consider the length of the charging cable to ensure it reaches your vehicle comfortably.

●     Mounting Options:

Determine the best mounting option for your charger. Wall-mounted chargers are popular for residential installations, offering space efficiency and easy accessibility. Ensure the mounting surface is sturdy and can support the weight of the charger.

●     Permitting and Regulations:

Check local regulations and permitting requirements for installing an EV charging station at home. Some areas may have specific guidelines or inspections for electrical installations. Ensure you comply with all applicable codes and regulations to ensure a safe and legal installation.

●     Professional Installation:

Unless you have experience with electrical installations, it is strongly recommended to hire a licensed electrician for the installation. They will ensure proper wiring, connections, and safety measures are implemented. Professional installation also helps prevent potential hazards and ensures your warranty remains valid.

●     Grounding and Protection:

Proper grounding is essential for electrical safety. Ensure your EV charger installation includes grounding according to local electrical codes. Additionally, consider surge protection devices to safeguard your charger and vehicle against power surges and fluctuations.

●     Connectivity and Networking:

If your EV charger supports networking features, such as Wi-Fi or Ethernet connectivity, set up the necessary connections. This enables you to monitor and control your charging sessions remotely, access charging data, and potentially integrate with smart home systems.

●     User Convenience and Safety:

Consider additional features to enhance user convenience and safety. This may include cable management solutions, lighting for nighttime visibility, and clear signage to indicate the location of the charging station.

By following these optimization steps, you can ensure a safe, efficient, and user-friendly installation of your home EV charging station. Remember to consult with professionals when needed and adhere to local regulations for a hassle-free charging experience.

Jennifer Bell is mother of two, an eco conscious person, and a writer for electric services providers in the Boston area.

Copper Regulates Inflammation – New Treatments for Sepsis?

A recent new discovery by researchers at Institut Curie in Paris published in Nature (1) showed that copper is a key player in inflammation. This study now published in Nature showed that key cells of the immune system, including macrophages, require copper for being activated to the inflammatory stage. The researchers found that the metal copper is a crucial ingredient, posing the question, whether this could be exploited therapeutically and whether we should be thinking of our daily copper intake in a nutritional sense.

The publications shows that metals including copper enters cells via a protein called CD44, which is also found on a plethora of other cell types, among which are immune cells, cancer cells and others. This opens the questions if the underlying mechanisms are also applicable in other settings, in particular cancer. Importantly, the researchers found back in 2020 that iron can enter cells via CD44 and hyaluronic acid (2).

In this study, the researchers show also that copper is a key player in cell organelles called mitochondria. There, this metal is responsible for the interconversion of key metabolites called NAD(H), which are part of the fuel cell of the cell. These metabolites are key for energy production and altering their levels can lead to changes in cell metabolism, particularly in inflammation.

This study further showed that a novel drug-like molecule (they call LCC-12 or supformin) based on the anti-diabetes drug metformin can reduce signs of inflammation in cells, and in particular in mice. The authors tested this on two mice models of severe inflammation, which mimic septic shock.

This work also raises the question of the mechanism of action of metformin, which targets mitochondrial copper(II) to block the interconversion of NAD(H). Will new drugs be developed that can help with septic shock, diabetes management and potentially aging? Our team at City Connect is sure that we will soon see more about this groundbreaking research.

(1) Solier et al., A druggable copper-signalling pathway that drives inflammation, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-023-06017-4

(2) Müller et al., CD44 regulates epigenetic plasticity by mediating iron endocytosis, https://doi: 10.1038/s41557-020-0513-5

City Traveling with the Upcoming ETIAS Visa

The European Travel Information and Authorization System (ETIAS) is a new visa that allows travelers from certain countries to visit the European Union (EU) for short stays. It will be implemented in 2023 and is designed to improve security and streamline the process for visiting the EU. Here’s what you need to know about city traveling with the ETIAS visa.

What is the ETIAS visa?

The ETIAS visa is an electronic authorization that allows citizens of eligible countries to visit the EU for short stays (up to 90 days) for tourism, business, or medical reasons. It is similar to the ESTA visa in the United States and the eTA visa in Canada.

To obtain an ETIAS visa, travelers will need to fill out an online application and pay a fee. The application will require personal and passport information, as well as security-related questions. Once approved, the ETIAS visa will be valid for three years and can be used for multiple trips to the EU.

Which countries are eligible for the ETIAS visa?

The ETIAS visa will be available to citizens of 60 countries, including the United States, Canada, Australia, and most countries in Europe and South America. A complete list of eligible countries can be found on the ETIAS website.

How do I apply for the ETIAS visa?

You will need to have a valid passport with a minimum of six months validity. The application process should take about 20 minutes to complete.

Once you have completed the application, you will receive a confirmation email. If your application is approved, you will receive your ETIAS visa electronically, which you will need to present at the border when you enter the EU.

What do I need to do while traveling in the EU with the ETIAS visa?

While traveling in the EU with the ETIAS visa, there are a few things you will need to keep in mind. First, you are only allowed to stay in the EU for up to 90 days within a 180-day period. This means that you cannot stay in the EU for more than three months out of every six months.

You will also need to have a valid passport with at least six months remaining on it when you enter the EU. You may also be required to show proof of sufficient funds and a return ticket when you enter the EU.

Finally, you should register with the local authorities if you are staying in a private residence or rental property while in the EU. This is a requirement in many countries and will help authorities to locate you in case of an emergency.


The ETIAS visa allows citizens of eligible countries to easily apply for an authorization online and streamlines the process for visiting the EU. While traveling with the ETIAS visa, it is important to remember to follow the guidelines for staying within the allowed length of stay and to have a valid passport and potentially provide proof of sufficient funds and a return ticket. It is also important to register with local authorities if staying in a private residence or rental property.

Lifestyle Changes After Filing for Bankruptcy

Bankruptcy is sometimes your only option when you are having financial trouble, but it also forces you to make a few lifestyle changes. Many people view bankruptcy as being a terrible, last-resort option that will ruin your life. While it does damage your credit score which can affect other aspects of your life like trying to get a loan, there are some positives to it.

One of the largest positive aspects of filing for bankruptcy is that the weight of looming debt has been lifted off your shoulders. You get to start over and build financial habits that will keep you from having trouble again in the future. Here are some changes you can make after bankruptcy.

Living Within Your Means

One of the largest lifestyle changes you will have to make after bankruptcy is to live within your means. If you filed for bankruptcy over debt or spending issues, this might be one of the hardest adjustments you will have to make, because you are going to have to learn how to spend less than you were used to.

The best way to do this is to create a monthly or even weekly budget that you follow. The first thing you should do is figure out all of the expenses you have to pay for each month. This is anything that you cannot go without paying such as rent or mortgage payments, car insurance, health insurance, utilities, and more.

Once you have determined these you can move on to the other expenses you have for the month. This is where you will divide your income into certain categories. The first category should be whatever you plan to save each month, the golden rule is to save 10 to 20 percent of your paycheck but this can vary depending on your situation. After you have set this amount aside you are left with your luxury expenses. If you want to save more, you may have to spend less on luxuries.

Rely Less on Your Credit Card

After bankruptcy, you will need to rebuild your credit score, so while credit cards can be dangerous it is important to still use one for some of your purchases. However, using your credit card for specific purchases only and buying everything else with cash can help you avoid overspending and building debt.

It is best to use your credit card for fixed payments, or ones that do not vary greatly from month to month. This is so you can be sure that you have the correct amount in your bank account to pay for it at the end. For example, you might only use your credit card to buy groceries or to pay certain bills.

You also want to make sure that you are not spending too much, which is why budgeting for these things is important. Keep track of your spending throughout the month so that you don’t end up having to carry over the credit card payment. For example, if you use your credit card to buy gas, but you have to drive a bit more one month, make sure you are keeping track of it. Keeping track of your spending might be new to you but it is something you should definitely do to avoid debt.

Do Not Touch Your Savings

If you had to deal with debt and bankruptcy it is very likely that you exhausted your savings or did not have any at all. Moving forward, you should focus some of your budget on building your savings back up so that you can avoid having to use a credit card if an emergency comes up. It is smart to have some money set aside in case something unexpected happens and you have to pay for it. Paying with a credit card because you don’t have the money can quickly snowball into debt.

Roni Davis is a writer, blogger, and legal assistant operating out of the greater Philadelphia area

Why You Should Get Your Degree Online

Getting a degree can help advance your skills and your career, but it can also require a lot of changes that many are not able to commit to for various reasons – whether that be due to schedules, time, or cost.

Getting your degree online can help remove some of these problems and make it much more attainable to achieve a qualification while removing many of the stresses and strains.

This piece is going to discuss why you should get your degree online rather than through in-person learning, and the benefits that come with that.

Read this piece to find out more!


There Is No Need for Relocation

One of the most difficult aspects of undertaking a degree is that a lot of the time, in-person learning requires you to relocate so you can go to the university you need or want to go to.

Relocation can be extremely difficult or not even an option for those who have responsibilities such as a family or a job in a certain place. Not to mention the cost that it takes to move somewhere else or commute to somewhere which is not on your doorstep.  

Choosing an online program means you are able to stay just where you are to get your qualification. There is no need to worry about relocating and all of the complications that go along with it, and you can work around your current commitments and responsibilities without having to sacrifice anything.

If you are interested in doing an online program, then https://www.tuw.edu/ offers a variety of programs for you to choose from, so you can find the perfect one for you.

Lower Cost

Online programs are generally less of a financial commitment than traditional in-person learning. In-person learning requires institutions to cover their overhead costs, such as the building, utilities, supplies, and other essentials.

Online learning allows educational institutions to forgo all of those extra costs, with means that the cost of learning is lowered significantly for the student. Not only that, but students that learn from home will find that they save extra money that often goes unthought of, such as not needing to buy lunch on campus or having those extra on-the-go coffees.

Flexible Workload

When you have other commitments, it can be difficult to try and fit everything in – especially when, in some cases, you are not able to move certain obligations around. When you choose an online program, you can work around everything else and enjoy flexible learning. Many programs will allow you to work at your own pace, which means if you do need extra time, it is there for you to take.

Online learning is a great way to obtain your degree because of the many benefits it can offer. It is flexible, more financially friendly than traditional programs, and can help you achieve your degree from the comfort of your own home, fit around your personal circumstances and schedule, without you having to make significant sacrifices.

5 Things You Will Learn With A Special Education Qualification

There is a lot to be said about the world of education, particularly regarding younger children or those with special educational needs.

The curriculum of many countries has been criticized repeatedly for failing to integrate different learning styles, thus discriminating against children who may need additional support. In short, there has long been a call for more variety when it comes to teaching children, especially those who have special needs linked to autism spectrum (ASD), attention deficit disorder (ADD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).

So, if you are a teacher or teacher-to-be who wants to help this group of students, you may wonder what skills you will gain from earning a special education qualification. Read on to find out.

Identifying Issues

OK, so it’s fair to say that most children with ASD, ADD, or ODD will have issues with mainstream learning environments. While you are learning how to teach this group, you will be trained in more sensitive areas, too, such as how to identify if they are having problems at home or at school, which they may not be able to articulate. This is part of most special education qualifications, like the ones found at https://online.bankstreet.edu/.  

Problem Solving

Working with children, in general, will require you to have great problem-solving skills. When you are looking to work with children who have special educational needs, this requirement will be ramped up. You will be able to solve issues related to clearer communication, conflict resolution, and building a rapport with the children you are working with and their parents, making the environment better overall.

Better Time Management 

Time management is crucial when it comes to education, as each lesson will have a plan relating to teaching, assessing, and reviewing. This may seem like something that won’t be needed as much when working in special needs. Still, there is a surprising amount of emphasis on time management in this area, relating to meeting deadlines and ensuring that the children complete work. Also, being able to identify when children are falling behind and how best for them to catch up is another part of your role too, and this skill will develop as time goes on.

Flexible Learning

As mentioned earlier, there is a lot to be said about improvements being made in standard education. That is, if you have a child or children that are not able to copy down notes from a board or answer questions, they will need a different approach to learning. As a special education teacher, you will learn more interactive kinds of teaching, which may involve more games, and fewer quizzes and could revolve around more computer or television time. It all depends on the kids!

Alternative Assessments

Similarly, it is unlikely that a child who has ADHD or ASD is going to be able to sit through an hour-long exam, ticking boxes and writing paragraphs, especially if they are younger. So, as part of your training, you will be taught how to provide alternative assessments, to ensure that they are learning.

Truck Accident Lawyer Characteristics

When choosing a truck accident lawyer, you should consider several characteristics that you should look for. These include: Experience, Caseload, Trucking laws knowledge, and willingness to go to trial. Read on to learn more. To get started, read our list of characteristics. Listed below are some of the most important ones. You will find the best truck accident lawyer for your case! And don’t forget to ask them questions! We have answers for all of your questions!


Truck accidents can be complicated legal cases. Truck drivers and their companies are subject to different regulations than passenger cars. Additionally, truck accidents can involve third party freight brokers. In order to win your case, you must hire a truck accident lawyer with experience in handling these types of cases. These professionals are trained to preserve evidence that might show negligence on the part of a truck driver. Here are some important things to consider when choosing a truck accident lawyer.

An experienced truck accident lawyer knows how to build a strong case. An experienced lawyer knows how to track down documents and will know how to aggressively take on the big trucking company and their insurer. An injured person may find courtrooms intimidating, but a truck accident lawyer can make the process easy for you. An experienced lawyer is able to handle the legal side of the case while you focus on recovering from the trauma. Experience is invaluable when filing a case.


Before hiring a truck accident lawyer, you should know what to look for. While you do not need to hire someone you know well, it is important to find one with a moderate caseload so that you have the time, energy, and resources to work on your case. If you cannot afford a lawyer with an extreme caseload, you may want to choose someone who is compatible with you. Read reviews online and find testimonials from former clients.

It is also important to look for attorneys with a low or moderate caseload. Lawyers with a low caseload can devote more time to your case and prepare for trial. The caseload of a lawyer is critical because this type of litigation requires a lot of preparation. Moreover, you want someone who is supportive, understanding, and listens to your needs. That way, you can be sure that your lawyer will be able to fight for you if it comes to the legal matter.

Knowledge of trucking laws

A truck accident attorney is well-versed in the rules and regulations of the trucking industry and the unique aspects of commercial vehicle litigation. Their expertise extends beyond knowledge of the rules and regulations of the trucking industry to knowledge of trucking companies, insurance, and the trucking industry’s products and practices. A truck accident lawyer also has a thorough understanding of the federal and state laws and regulations.

Trucking law is complex and requires a knowledgeable lawyer with extensive experience in handling trucking accidents. Trucking accidents often involve more than one liable party. Trucking companies and drivers are held to stricter regulations than passenger vehicles, making it important for a lawyer with experience handling these cases to be familiar with them. In addition, trucking accidents are particularly complex due to third-party freight brokers. A truck accident attorney understands these regulations and how to preserve evidence of violations.

Willingness to go to trial

If you are considering hiring a truck accident lawyer, you should make sure you choose one who is willing to go to trial. Many lawyers will not take cases to trial if they are uncomfortable with it. The decision to hire a lawyer who will not go to trial is often driven by the nature of the case. If a truck accident lawyer has never tried a case before, it is best to find someone else.

A reputable truck accident lawyer will be ready to go to trial if the case cannot be settled out of court. Even if the accident isn’t worth much, an experienced truck accident attorney is likely to be able to effectively advocate for you in court. By letting the insurance company know that they are willing to take a case to trial, they are more likely to settle for a fair amount.

Common Circumstances That Require the Services of a Workers’ Compensation Lawyer

The common circumstances that require the services of a workers’ compensation lawyer are discussed in this article. Then, you’ll learn what requirements you must meet in order to hire a workers’ compensation attorney, and what the contingency fee method means. This type of lawyer will charge a percentage of the compensation award, or a flat fee, depending on the circumstances of your case. The contingency fee is an option for many cases, but you should be aware of the terms and conditions that apply to your specific situation.

Common circumstances that require a workers’ compensation lawyer

Injuries that happen at work can result in the need for the services of a workers’ compensation attorney. While workers are supposed to have the right to seek compensation for injuries sustained on the job, some employers try to limit or deny the benefits of workers’ compensation benefits. Some companies will argue that the injuries occurred off-the-job and were not as severe as what the injured worker claimed. In cases such as these, a workers’ compensation lawyer can be extremely helpful.

When you fail to file your claim within the prescribed time, you will forfeit your right to receive workers’ compensation benefits. This could mean a loss of income or job. In such a situation, it is best to hire a workers’ compensation lawyer to fight the denial. A good workers’ compensation attorney can advise you on other benefits available to you, such as long-term disability insurance, short-term disability insurance, and Social Security disability insurance benefits.

Requirements to hire a workers’ compensation lawyer

When an employee sustains an injury at work, they may want to file a personal injury lawsuit. While the workers’ compensation program shields employers from liability for the employee’s injuries, intentional injuries may warrant a civil lawsuit against the company. In such cases, the worker may be able to obtain a larger settlement and/or noneconomic damages. An experienced workers’ compensation lawyer will have the knowledge and experience to determine what steps to take on the injured employee’s behalf.

To qualify for workers’ compensation, the employee must have been injured in the course and scope of employment. The law defines “course and scope” as the period of employment that primarily caused the injury. In most cases, this means that the employee was at work during the time of the accident. In other words, the injury occurred on the job. However, there are some exceptions to this rule. In some cases, the injury may have occurred due to a faulty product or procedure, or a defective product.

Cost of hiring a workers’ compensation lawyer

Hiring a workers’ compensation attorney is an excellent way to pursue the benefits you deserve after a work-related accident. Most workers’ compensation attorneys work on a contingency fee basis, which means you pay only if you win your case. This way, you don’t have to worry about up-front fees, and the lawyers will work to maximize your benefits. In addition, you don’t have to worry about getting stuck with a high bill.

workers’ compensation lawyer’s fees will vary, but typically run about five to ten percent of the settlement. Most attorneys offer a free initial consultation, which lasts about 30 minutes. California law requires lawyers to provide this consultation, and some offer it to all potential clients. If your lawyer doesn’t provide this service, be sure to check with other attorneys in the area. You may find a better deal elsewhere.

Worker’s compensation lawyer’s contingency fee

If you’re unsure about how to select a workers’ compensation attorney, consider asking about their contingency fee. Workers’ comp lawyers typically charge a percentage of the settlement or benefits they win, but you may be able to negotiate a lower fee. The fee can be as high as 33% of the settlement, but it should be at least 10%. In addition, it’s important to note that many states cap attorneys’ fees at a lower percentage, which means you might not have to pay them unless you win the case.

In California, for example, the state board will review any fees for a workers’ comp attorney. The board’s approval of these fees is required by the state’s workers’ compensation law. The fee will vary depending on whether the case settles before a hearing or goes to trial. A lawyer may be able to charge as low as nine percent of the total compensation awarded, or the board may require a higher fee for a more involved case.

Who is at Fault in a Rear-End Collission?

There are several different theories of liability when it comes to a rear-end collision. These theories include Sudden-emergency doctrine and Negligence. This article will examine the legal theory of each of these theories and help you decide who is at fault. It also discusses the relative percentages of fault and how they affect damages. This article will discuss both the Rear-end driver and the Front-end driver.


The most common cause of rear-end collisions is the negligence of the driver behind you. This may be due to speeding, following too closely, or distracted driving. In any case, the victim’s injuries can result from the collision. A jury can find that the rear driver was partly at fault for the collision. The jury will also consider the actions of all parties in the accident. Here are some of the most common reasons why rear-end collisions happen.

Sudden-emergency doctrine

A defendant can use the sudden-emergency defense in a rear-end collision case if the underlying circumstances were unusual. Often, this defense involves a medical emergency that was unforeseeable, such as a car stopping suddenly for an oncoming child. The burden of proof is on the driver who claims this defense, so it’s best to hire a lawyer who has experience in this type of case.

Who is at fault in a rear-end collision? The answer is usually very simple but circumstances can make it difficult. 

Front-end driver

When it comes to rear-end collisions, the front driver of a car may assume that the rear vehicle is at fault. This can be a common mistake, but the front driver must also be found at fault. If the rear driver follows too closely or is distracted, this may not be enough to hold the front driver accountable. In these cases, it is imperative for the front driver to take appropriate defensive measures to avoid hitting the rear vehicle.

Rear-end driver

Rear-end collisions often result in different levels of vehicle damage, from dented bumpers and caved trunks to misaligned steering columns. In worse cases, multiple vehicles may be involved in a pileup and totaled vehicles. In such cases, it is crucial to prove that the other driver was negligent by gathering evidence of fault, such as eyewitness testimony, traffic camera footage, or vehicle damage records.

Other factors

Rear-end collisions are the most common type of car accidents. They cause the most damage. The driver on the receiving end of the collision is often at fault. They may not notice a red light or stopped vehicle or be distracted while driving. A chain reaction may also cause a rear-end collision. In a rear-end collision, the driver on the receiving end is responsible for the damages. Other factors in a rear-end collision include the following.

Things To Know About Injury Lawyers

If you are in the market for an injury lawyer, you might be wondering what the fees will be. This article covers the stages of a personal injury case, the costs of hiring a lawyer, and the types of compensation available. Then, it covers the types of personal injury cases and the injury law firms that specialize in them. Read on to learn more. Injury lawyers are important to the success of your case. Good Peabody, MA injury lawyers will be patient and helpful, helping you afford your medical care and determining whether or not your treatment is working. They will also negotiate the full cost of treatment with insurance companies.

Costs of hiring an injury lawyer

There are several costs to consider when hiring an injury lawyer. Some personal injury lawyers charge up-front fees, while others draw costs from the settlement. Others deduct their fees from the final financial award, making their fee a higher percentage of the settlement than their initial fee. In any case, there is an opportunity cost associated with hiring an injury lawyer. The costs of hiring an injury attorney can be substantial, and it is worth researching the costs before you hire one.

Regardless of your case type, personal injury lawyers are required by Georgia’s Rules of Professional Responsibility to put any contingency fee agreements in writing. Contingency fee agreements should clearly spell out what each party is expected to pay, and how much they will retain. A good personal injury lawyer will explain to you exactly how much he or she will charge you in advance, as well as how much they expect from you, and when you must make payment.

Stages of a personal injury case

A personal injury lawsuit starts with a formal pleading known as a complaint. This document explains the nature of the incident and details the damages and relief sought. The defendant responds to the complaint with an answer, which either admits or denies the allegations made in the complaint. A counterclaim may also be filed by the defendant if he or she feels they were injured as a result of the plaintiff’s actions. The plaintiff can then respond to the counterclaim. During this time, discovery is taken, a process by which personal injury lawyers gather evidence and build their case.

The vast majority of personal injury lawsuits are settled by a settlement, which can be reached as early as days before trial. However, if the settlement is unsuccessful, the case will proceed to trial, where a jury will evaluate the evidence and decide whether or not the defendant is at fault. The jury will then decide whether or not the injured person deserves compensation. Most personal injury lawsuits are tried before juries, which means it is possible that you will need to hire a lawyer who is experienced in trial litigation.

Compensation for pain and suffering

Injuries can cause both physical and psychological pain and suffering. It can be both long-term and temporary. It can also involve emotional distress such as anxiety, depression, and loss of enjoyment of life. Injury attorneys often include pain and suffering damages in their cases. The full value of pain and suffering varies from one injury to the next. In general, the range is higher for severe injuries. Injury lawyers will use a combination of different methods to calculate the full value of pain and suffering.

When calculating pain and suffering damages, lawyers will use the per-diem method, which assigns a monetary value to each day of pain and suffering incurred due to the injury. This method is applied from the day of the accident until the date the victim reaches maximum medical improvement. The maximum medical improvement is the date on which the victim regains full health after the accident. Injury attorneys will work with you to assess the full value of your suffering, including mental anguish.

Ways to Honour a Deceased Family Member

Free photos of Artist

As the famous line goes, “No man is an island.” We all have people we hold close to our hearts – people we trust implicitly; people who know our deepest, darkest secrets; people who know us from our young age; and people who love every fibre of our being. They may be our parents, relatives, friends, or even casual acquaintances. It’s always a sad time when someone dear to us passes away as it seems they take a part of us with their passing.

We can always honour their memories and show others how they lived their lives in various ways. It could be as simple as a random act of kindness or as grand as having their name or likeness tattooed on your body or naming a grant or building after them. Regardless of how you want to honour your deceased family member, what’s important is that their memories will continue to live on through you.

Here are a few ways to honour a dearly departed family member.

Cremation diamond

Consider wearing your loved ones for the rest of your life by making their ashes into diamonds. You can ask for assistance from an experienced funeral services company like carrollandcarrollfunerals.co.uk that can guide you about the process. Your beloved’s ashes will undergo several procedures that will turn them into laboratory-grown diamonds that you can set on any piece of jewellery. You’ll always have them by your side if you so choose.

Donate to a cause dear to them

One way to honour the deceased is by donating a sum to one of their favourite charities or organisations that support a particular advocacy close to their hearts. If the donation is a sizable sum, perhaps you could arrange for an annual endowment in the deceased’s name so they’ll be remembered constantly.

Keep their things as mementoes

You can also keep some of their things as mementoes so you won’t easily forget them. Perhaps turn some of their shirts into pillow cases or throw rugs or a quilt. Spritz their favourite perfume on them, so you can remember how they smelled. Sentimentality will be a great way to remember your loved ones. Remember, they’ll always be on your mind if something will remind you of them.

Hang pictures and memorialise them online

Another alternative way to honour your loved ones is to hang their pictures around the house so you’ll get reminded of their presence. You can also scan and upload their old photos to albums online so you can browse them at your convenience. They’ll always be close by, although they’re no longer around.

Have their names or likeness tattooed

If you want to be a tad extreme, why not tattoo their name or likeness on your body? Select your favourite picture of them and have an experienced tattoo artist immortalise them in ink. They’ll be with you everywhere you go, and you’ll certainly remember them.


Honouring your beloved deceased family members is a worthwhile endeavour. You can do several things to remember how they lived their lives and how they influenced you.

Image: https://pixabay.com/photos/artist-tattoo-creative-tattooist-2238780/


On September 22, 2021, Johnny Depp went on record as ‘a victim of cancel culture’ – a social epidemic and virus so infectious that no celebrity eminence may be immune to its virulence. Its transmission promulgates lepers out of icons formerly merited pedestals, casting them from the heights of social adulation and respective media platforms, to stigmatized bubbles of guilt and shame: JK Rowling, Shawn Dawson, Ellen DeGeneres…Johnny Depp. Depp went on to comment, ahead of receiving the honorary Donostia Award at the San Sebastian Film Festival: “It can be seen as an event in history that lasted for however long it lasted, this cancel culture, this instant rush to judgement based on what essentially amounts to polluted air.”

What surfaces when we put a microscope to the disease? For the last six weeks, one courtroom in a North Virginian courthouse has garnered more investigation, inspection, and cross-examination than a penicillin Petri dish of a Fleming laboratory. All while jurors, lawyers and the public have laboured to discern the pathogenic bacteria from the salubrious as the microcosm of Depp and Heard’s previous lives, misdemeanours, testimonies, and characters have been subjected to veritable scrutiny. Numerous accounts are probed by lawyers – morally unyielding pipettes – their mouths dispensing beads of venom that have gone on to fuel acrimonious external observation and public judgement – a more insidious poison proliferates outside the walls of the court. 

In 2018, following a Washington Post op-ed, a herd of deferential followers blindly united to mount Amber Heard upon an inviolable podium that would amplify the tenuous cries of a ‘self-proclaimed’ survivor from an unassailable summit. Four years on and those crusaders, the fanatics that sought to erect her venerable pedestal – are tearing it down with their own hands. A predicament that echoes Depp’s fall from grace with a mocking familiarity that reverberates with ironic justice, as public scrutiny renders Heard, officially, canceled. The verdict already cast: the jury, judge, and courtroom – redundant components of a superfluous trial, when its audience comprise the solely valid arbiters. Depp never needed a win, hell, he never needed the fifty million dollars, he needed to be uncancelled. And we don’t rescind cancelation through revoke or repeal of defamation. No, the public appetite is insatiable and demands to be fed…we cancel someone else. Heard was sentenced before she had the opportunity to open her mouth. And perhaps this is justice. She’s hardly exemplified the paradigm of innocence so voraciously broadcasted – the face of domestic violence. And yet was it not you, I, the rest of the world who, of our own volition, chose to uncritically endorse that misnomer in the first place?

Op-ed: ‘An opinion piece, written by a person with a unique perspective on the subject.’ An opinion. This was her opinion, her truth, written to inveigle the reader of her prevailing righteousness, but still, nothing beyond an opinion. As in, this was an article uncorroborated by enquiry, tangible facts, empirical data, investigation, scrutiny…evidence. Yet public condemnation was cast against Depp in merciless alacrity. Heard was the catalyst, we threw the stones. There have been numerous testimonies now that expose Heard’s predisposition to violence, to cruelty, verbal, vitriolic rage, the unremitting diatribes hurled at respective partners and employees, the narcissistic impulses…sufficient material to accumulate a plethora of ‘opinion pieces.’ So how did her true character evade us all for so long? We read an excerpt, an op-ed, and sanctioned it gospel truth. Depp and his distinguished career – crucified in an instant, we failed to question or interrogate the legitimacy of any of it…until ultimately the whole thing landed up in court. A product of our own blind acceptance, and our insatiable appetites for schadenfreude. Cancel culture. Do accounts such as these have to reach globally publicised trials before being subjected to veracity? And I know what you’re going to say: WE SHOULD BELIEVE ALL WOMEN WHO CLAIM TO HAVE BEEN SUBJECTED TO ABUSE! Well, should we?…We should listen to all women (and men), sure, we should take all accounts seriously and treat them with empathy, but believe? If we by default validate the victim, we instinctively denounce the accused. Belief…conviction… synonymous, and they generally go hand in hand with retribution – and we have a justice system in place for that.

Where Heard’s defence have resorted to some of the most outlandish, ridiculous even, sources, calling tabloids ‘The Sun,’ and ‘The Daily Mail’ out at the stand, Depp’s lawyers have rebutted with a ‘are you seriously going there’ side-glance. Way to undermine your own credibility, guys, because these sources have none. And that’s totally valid, we’re supposed to take stories that litter tabloids with a pinch of salt…they’re not peer reviewed, they’re hearsay, or “Heardsay,” let’s say. Still, this sensationalised propagation of Heard’s fabricated bruises, Moss’ tumble down-the-stairs, the salacious bedroom specifics, Depp’s volatile relationship history…all this tabloid trash has accumulated a gravity of intrigue. A substantial amount of this unsubstantiated drivel has found itself at the forefront of the trial…and that’s ultimately because the public gobbled it up with a greed and sightlessness that rendered Depp cancelled in the first place. We invested in this tabloid debris; we attributed it the credibility that steeped Depp in lawsuits for years, Heard was just the facilitator. We’ve seen an influx of articles now that rail against the misogynistic implications of vilifying Heard, instead of criticizing the onslaught of this online cruelty, they fixate on the imminent threat of interminable misogyny afflicting our society and deterring other victims from coming forward. They decry ‘misogyny’ all whilst alluding to Heard’s prevailing innocence on the mere basis of her gender…feminism advocates for equality though, not female hegemony – that’s misandry.  We are rarely exposed to balanced perspectives – if it’s not polarising, it ain’t getting a platform. Surely a feminist perspective would support Depp to an extent…not on account of the abuse that has been testified to, but on account of the evidence provided exposing Heard’s shrewd malice in defaming Depp, through what appears to be a calculated exploitation of the upsurge of the ‘me too’ movement. It feels as though we have lost sight of the fact that this is a defamation case though, not an abuse case, and Depp is not responsible for the hateful and pejorative commentary, we are.

Our societal perception of abuse is extremely binary, with minimal negotiation between oppressed and oppressor, it’s a reductionist approach that negates what system’s theories and numerous social-science studies have elicited for decades; that duality exists in all of us to an extent. And that dichotomy is exhibited throughout this trial. Fanaticism does not yield balance though. It’s clear that both Depp and Heard engaged in destructive, cruel, and toxic behaviour, Depp himself does not deny this. Yet here we are again, drowning in a public cry, but one now that rallies blindly for Depp’s exoneration, and he can do no wrong, as far as the public are concerned. Heard has driven him to drugs, hindered his sobriety and plagued his mind with jealousy, while some of the commentary has descended to the realms of the ridiculous in its claims – she is responsible for his profanities, his weight gain, his ageing, his thinning hair, his eyelashes have lost their volume and his ears have grown – a Darwinian defence against the perpetual threat of glass bottles hurled at his skull, no doubt. The woman literally cannot blink an eyelid without being subject to public scorn. Is Amber Heard not a victim in her own way, of mental illness, at least? Her behaviour undeniably congruent with cluster B personality types, so we’ve heard. We’ve witnessed testimony to her lack of impulse regulation, emotional instability, her inexorable struggles with dysfunctional relationships and addiction. Mental illness is only sympathised with when it’s socially palatable. Public opinion consigns its compassion to mental illness cases that conform to neat packages of vulnerability, hosts that are unpolemical and do nothing to infringe on the security and well-being of the majority. We have no humility for a blemished character. And yet, mental illnesses typically manifest themselves in ugly, socially repugnant ways…that’s usually what warrants a diagnosis in the first place – poor and socially non-conforming behavioural choices. But the virtue signalling won’t cease; the indefatigable ambush of moral slurs we wake up to everyday employed by brands, corporations, and public figures, conceptualised to lure us all into a collective sense of awareness surrounding the sanctity of mental health. And the general consensus pertains to this idea that we’re all suffering, to some extent. If we’re all saddled with mental health issues though, what are the implications for people suffering from BPD, bipolar, anorexia, schizophrenia, ASPD…PTSD? They’re put into the same boxes, the same waitlists and afforded the same degrees of tolerance and compassion as everyone else…divergent perspectives and feelings remain invalidated, and deviant behaviour ostracised.

The culmination of my DV trial landed my ex in prison: GBH, ABH, rape, and wounding. Those are concrete, legitimate terms, speculation does not enter the equation, this is what he was charged with and prosecuted for, it just is what it is. There was an additional charge, to which he was found not guilty, so I exclude it from mention. If his name or an allusion to was mentioned in a published article, I would be expected to substantiate those claims with proof. Throughout this trial, we have been barraged with commentary plagued with – ‘look what Heard’s done to ACTUAL survivors of domestic abuse!’ – I don’t know if she has done all that much to me, personally, to be perfectly candid. I didn’t really take much stead in her whole spiel in the first place…perhaps the reason for all this vehemence is that so many of us did. The comments on the other hand, the ones where we deride her fragile state of mental health, memes of her getting slapped, the general ridicule propounded against her displays of emotion, yeah those are pretty cutting, perhaps triggering even. I know of other survivors who similarly look upon accounts of victimhood with an invariable skepticism when they are void of tangible evidence. They find it acutely uncomfortable to read or hear accounts that are elusive as to what actually went on…this term ‘abuse’ – holds an amorphous ubiquity that is contentious – because what do you mean, when you say ‘abuse’, it’s vague, what are you referring to? – Malicious communications, verbal…assault – common, actual? Aggravated, grievous, battery, false imprisonment, wounding? – An official terminology for this stuff, that varies by jurisdiction, exists, and if you’re not even loosely exercising it, what moral authority do we have to arbitrate? A perpetrator of common assault does not receive as punitive a sentence as a person found guilty of grievous bodily harm. I was listening to a podcast recently on the topic of workplace violence and survivorship, the hosts were mollifying an actor who claimed to have been abused on set, the whole account was extremely obscure, but referred to a ‘truly horrific incident, a violation of the worst kind.’ The language being used seriously insinuated that a rape or some kind of sexual assault had occurred. The victim later went on to claim that ‘there were witnesses who heard what he said too’ – I mean, why do this? Why broadcast ‘abuse’ and not substantiate it with anything, no context was given, the listener just expected to take everything said at face value. It’s not fun for rape survivors to listen to accounts of survivorship that align verbal abuse with ‘a violation of the worst kind.’ When someone resonates with the term ‘survivor’ it’s not for me to refute or invalidate that, but it’s frustrating to have public attitude blindly endorse it. What do accounts of survivorship, when they vary so significantly in the severity of abuse inflicted, do for other survivors?

Has Heard made it harder for DV victims to come forward? Has she taken the ‘me too’ movement back…by decades? Personally conflicted on that one – it feels too much a sentiment wielded for the justification of the diatribes and hostility spurned at her. We read and champion enough editorials written by champagne socialists who release excerpts that bleed in victimhood…and hypocrisy, while they carouse and run around in their playgrounds of fast cars and luxury. And that’s not to suggest a celebrity status is any more capable than the rest of us plebs in evading abuse, perhaps it just feels more wounding somehow. To read the accounts of these paradigms of aesthetic beauty, altruists, do-gooders, and immaculate perfection, imploring for change and for justice from the cavernous realms of their sanctimonious, golden-lined lungs. So as a survivor, I never appreciated her article in the first place. She never epitomised the pillar of model survivorship for me. Socially, we pander to it all though, we provide the platforms…but only to the ‘righteous,’ and it’s ironic, because I’m not reckless or brave enough to actually supply examples (MANY come to mind)…someone might actually read this one day, and cancel my ass. My survival heroes have been the women I’ve encountered on tenuous recovery paths, usually amidst poverty, although that shouldn’t be a prerequisite. But they are women who’ve wrestled with their own demons in the aftermath of the clutches and wrath of shame and PTSD. A PTSD that drove them to abuse substances, commit inordinate and inexcusable mistakes, socially marginalise them and ostracise them from their loved ones as result of their own poor choices. Abuse is cyclic, PTSD has repercussions, hurt people – hurt people, and all too often the victims become the perpetrators. And they are my heroes, my heroines, because in spite of all the humiliation, the human error, the hurt committed unto others in the wake of their PTSD, they acknowledged their mistakes, their wrong-doings and they strove to change and to redeem. I’m not interested in entertaining articles penned by picture perfect archetypes of survivors, who claim to be entirely faultless in the face of the wake and wrath of PTSD. Victims of DV are not homogenous, but surviving violence and abuse carries its own implications, most of us didn’t wake up from our horror stories brimming with boundless love and care for humankind. For a lot of us, our self-esteem was down the pan, we disregarded our health, our hygiene, our skin broke out, our hair was ravaged, we were distrusting and confrontational, we didn’t smile demurely at passersby, we weren’t warm, approachable, or endearing. I never wanted to see this perfectly-put -together woman – no misdemeanours, flawless conduct, unblemished character parading on the cover of magazines as the ‘face of domestic violence.’ When you’ve worked so hard just to be able to trust people, to look people in the eye, to smile at people, to eat food, to sleep, to exercise, to nourish your body, to forgive yourself for the hurt inflicted upon others, to redeem for it, to address a lack of impulse control and emotional regulation, to love others and allow them to love you back, to be kind…that “bar” of survivorship makes you feel like a failure. Because it’s women like Heard who get the badge, the survivor badge. This is how the public want to perceive victimhood. And that’s not Heard’s fault…it’s a product of our society’s binary-bounded mentality. We don’t have to start denying self-confirmed survivors of their marque, we don’t have to deride or debase their choice of lexicon. But we can still choose how we interpret it. We can choose to discern between the accounts and the language put before us, to not jump to conclusions, we can choose to challenge our pre-determined biases or indulge them. To rush to unite in cancelling mass hysteria, or to…what’s the antithesis? – By default, if we don’t cancel, we endorse?…Our social positionality has become so binary, and we are culpable of that – it’s our responsibility to recalibrate, to confront the parameters of our own ‘herd fragility.’  We don’t have to conflate unquestioned, unchallenged compassion of domestic violence, survivorship and mental illness with understanding of it. Heard’s words only take the ‘me too’ movement backwards if you, if we allow her too.

Heard threw Depp to the wolves, knowing they would take the bait. A cancelled Depp, a then vilified, ‘had-been’, maligned underdog, unleashes his bark and the pack turn. We turn on the hand that fed us the succulent kernels of celebrity moral turpitude, we bite at Heard’s heels, ravenous for blood, easy prey for she is muzzled now, and her words hold no meat. She is ousted, finished, cancelled. And perhaps that’s the way it should be. Just providing we come to accept – we’re the predators, the wolves…or perhaps, more aptly, sheep.

A Brief History of the Western Belt Buckle

Western attire is characterized by several easily recognizable accessories. There is, of course, the classic cowboy hat and boots. No western outfit is complete without those. Rugged jeans and shirts with snaps and perhaps a bolo tie are also standard. One of the most noticeable accessories is the oversize belt buckle that the wearer displays with pride. In fact, they are often given as prizes to rodeo event winners. How did these extra-large buckles become so popular?

Roots in the Military

There is a large assortment of western belt buckles in vogue. Most are metal but there are other materials such as a bronco leather buckle. The trend started during the Civil War. Members of the cavalry wore large, shiny buckles as a standard part of their uniforms. This practice was adopted from European military tradition. The buckles were a great symbol of the pride they had in their service and their cavalry units. After the war, when rodeos became popular, veterans wore their buckles while competing and often had new buckles made in a similar style but depicting western themes.

Influenced by Hollywood

Cowboys and rodeo became part of show business with traveling shows such as the one run by Buffalo Bill Cody. In the 20th Century, the film industry began and westerns were a popular genre right from the start. Early silent stars like Tom Mix were fitted with large, ornate, silver belt buckles. This continued as other western stars such as Gene Autry and Roy Rogers become icons. The flashy buckle became firmly associated with cowboy attire. Rodeo stars were quick to adopt the trend and what prize could be better for the best ropers and riders than a big shiny buckle.

Oversized belt buckles are now firmly established as an essential part of western wear. The bigger and shinier the better. It’s like a trophy always on display for a rodeo star.

Does Depression Lead to Dry Eyes?

Dry eye syndrome is a common condition that affects millions of people in the United States alone. While it is considered a multifactorial disease with various etymologies, Meibomian Gland Dysfunction is the cause of most dry eye cases diagnosed in the clinical setting.

Dry eye syndrome’s other identified risk factors include aging, gender, genetics, stress, smoking, anxiety, and depression. Among all these causative factors, depression has received widespread attention as the condition influencing the interventions and success rate of an individualized treatment plan. Let’s look at the causes and effects of depression on individuals diagnosed with dry eye syndrome.

Dry eyes can affect your mood

The chronic pressure on the eyelids due to absent or reduced oil production can alter a person’s mood. Though one may feel acclimated to having dry eyes, it can lead to depressed individuals suffering from acute depression attacks. Therefore, the best treatment for dry eye conditions entails a holistic approach that includes addressing the mood changes arising from dealing with the condition. 

Impending vision loss may result in acute depressive attacks 

Dry eye syndrome typically starts with minor signs and symptoms and vision loss when left untreated. The blockage of the Meibomian glands, infection, or low sebum production can often lead to permanent corneal, conjunctival, and eyelid damage. These complications predispose an individual to suffer from permanent vision loss sooner or later. Without proper management and treatment, depressed individuals often feel hopeless and fall deeper into depression instead of finding a treatment option that can help them manage their condition effectively. 

Necessary lifestyle changes

Dry eye syndrome is often diagnosed in its last stages as most individuals are asymptomatic during the early stages of the illness. Apart from eye dryness, there are many other associated symptoms, including itchiness in one or both eyes, eyelid inflammation, irritation, swollen eyelids, and the sensation of having a foreign object in your eye. Dry eye symptoms may be overwhelming for those who suffer from chronic depression. As a result, individuals who fail to perform their routines with the utmost proficiency are more likely to suffer from frequent anxiety attacks. 

Reduced social interactions

Individuals with dry eye syndrome experience blurry vision that can be a safety hazard when walking or driving vehicles. To avoid accidents or exacerbation of symptoms, they choose to isolate themselves instead. In some cases, people undergoing treatment refrain from social interactions until all unwanted signs and symptoms disappear. 

Effective management of dry eye syndrome and depression is key

Many dry eye syndrome patients suffering from depression must receive a comprehensive treatment plan to resolve both conditions. Apart from receiving the right set of management interventions to alleviate the signs and symptoms of dry eye syndrome, patients are encouraged to seek the expertise of therapists to treat mood swings and depressive episodes.

Final thoughts

While dry eye syndrome is a non-terminal illness, individuals must be treated promptly to prevent the disease from becoming serious. The impending threat of vision loss can negatively impact one’s state of mind; hence, proper psychological evaluation and treatment must also be implemented to ensure a positive and speedy recovery.

Image: https://unsplash.com/photos/AFaMbjb9sDM

What Does Delta 8 Contain?

Delta 8 does not contain contaminants or toxic chemicals. They are pure, non-GMO, and made from organic hemp. They taste great, too. If you’re curious about Delta 8, read on.  You can also check out different websites to see where some of these products are sold. Click here to visit the official website of Deltamunchies.

Are Delta 8 gummies edible?

What makes Delta-8 gummies so special? The cannabinoid Delta-8 is responsible for the unique effects these gummies have. Ingesting this cannabinoid produces a relaxing high, which can significantly affect an individual’s mood. Delta 8 gummies can help a person achieve complete relaxation, while the THC content of this edible will jeopardize the individual differently. While Delta-8 gummies are known to have a relaxing effect on the body, their results depend on how frequently they are consumed, their age, and the amount of THC they have absorbed. Whether you are looking for a relaxing high or just want to clear your mind from work, Delta 8 gummies can help you achieve your goals.

To be sure your gummies contain the correct amount of Delta-8, look for brands that have third-party lab testing performed. This is the only way to ensure the purity of your final product. Make sure the company you purchase your Delta 8 gummies from conducts third-party lab tests and conducts its own. To avoid buying from unreliable sources, you can also check the labels of your favorite Delta 8 brands. Generally, Delta-8 gummies have a purity level of up to 96%.

For those who want to consume their CBD gummies, Exhale offers delta-8 gummies that contain no THC. These gummies are produced from hemp grown in the United States and come in three flavors: blue raspberry, peach, and watermelon. These gummies are also available as subscriptions.

How long does it take to kick in?

When you start using Delta 8, you may be curious how long it takes to get the desired effect. Many companies have a variety of dosage options. The best way to find out how much Delta 8 is to take is to do a little bit at a time. You should start by taking half of the recommended serving size and slowly work your way up to the recommended dose. You may experience a short-lived lack of energy or a feeling of tiredness, but these effects should wear off as the supplement works.

The effects of Delta-8 depend on how often you vape. If you vape every day, it will take approximately five days to clear your system. It may take up to 10 days for THC metabolites to be eliminated from your system. As you may have guessed, Delta-8 THC will show up in a drug test if you are still in your system. As long as you take your medication according to instructions, the effects of Delta-8 THC will wear off after around a week.

The effects of delta 8 THC take about 45 minutes to three hours to full effect. The time to start feeling the results may differ for everyone, so you should consult your physician. While you should consume edibles at least 60 minutes before taking a cigarette, it can take up to three hours to experience the drug’s full effects. While this is longer than the duration of a vape session, it’s worth remembering that Delta 8 THC tinctures take about 60 minutes to absorb into your system and are fully effective.

Side effects Delta 8 Gummies

If you’re thinking about trying Delta-8 gummies, you need to know what they can do to your body. This cannabis supplement can cause a temporary dry mouth and eyes, but these are relatively mild side effects. The dry mouth is not a sign of dehydration but rather the effects of the compound on the salivary glands. A dry mouth can lead to red eyes and discomfort, but moisturizing eye drops can remedy dry vision.

Delta 8 gummies are a popular form of cannabis. They contain spirulina, an active ingredient that boosts white blood cells and other healthy functions. In addition, they interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system, which regulates homeostasis. These gummies also contain the chemical delta-8 THC, which has many positive effects on the body. However, some users have reported that the drug may cause anxiety, nausea, and vomiting.

Delta 8 can cause users to feel groggy or out of it. While the effects are less pronounced than THC, delta 8 can result in a feeling of grogginess or a strong desire to sleep. These side effects occur when people take too much of the drug. If you are concerned about the impact, be sure to microdose. Those side effects will be mild and temporary.

Use of Coupons Help You to Save Money and Get Better Discount

If you’re interested in buying sports apparel online, you’ve come to the right place. This online store features a list of popular brands and models and offers quick, easy comparison shopping. Choose your size, color, and other details to find the perfect sportswear for you. Delivery is also free within India. You can purchase your sports apparel with confidence. Here are some tips on how to buy the right type of sports gear for your style.

Using Coupons Can Save You A Lot Of Money:

They help you buy more expensive items at a lower price. You can also use them to purchase rival brand products. It will be great if you can get a few of them and accumulate them. You can also create a savings account to save money for emergencies. However, it will be important for you to understand the rules for couponing. Here are some of the benefits of using coupons.

Using the Nike promo code is an easy way to track your savings. By comparing prices with and without coupons, you can see which products are more affordable. Sometimes, you may be able to save a lot of money when you use a coupon. This way, you can save more money on your next purchase. Moreover, you can track how much you save every time you use a coupon. You can even compare prices with different discounts.

Easily Used by Customers:

Another benefit of using coupons is that they can be easily used by customers. You can use them to try out new things that you normally wouldn’t try. You can even get a freebie, which is no less than a gift. This way, you’ll be able to try out something that you never thought possible for yourself. This way, you’ll be rewarded with an opportunity to enjoy something for free. You’ll be happy you did.

Another advantage of using coupons is that they can help your business gain more awareness. The consumer is likely to remember a coupon with your company name and address, which will increase your sales. People will also be more likely to visit your store or website. By providing the names and addresses of the businesses, you can save a lot of money on marketing. In addition to saving money, coupons are good for those who are just starting their business or don’t have a street presence.

Using coupons can also help you save money on everyday items. Most of the time, these items are already on sale, so you can get them at a lower price. So, you can also get a better sense of accomplishment by using coupons. And, you’ll be helping your community at the same time. And it’s worth it to try using these tips to save money. It will be a great benefit for you.

Reduce Your Bill:

Using coupons is a great way to save money. They can help you reduce your grocery bill by as much as 50%. You can use these savings to save on bigger items, like clothes or furniture. It is also possible to find a good coupon for a product that you regularly use. This way, you can be sure to save money on the products you need the most. This is a good way to make more money on the things that you already buy.

Essential Factors to Consider While Relocating Your Business

Entrepreneurs should give business relocation keen attention because it is not easy to do. It would be best if you considered some critical factors to ensure that you make the right decision for the success of your business.

Some of the essential factors include:


Customers determine the success of every business. So, when you are relocating your business to another location, you need to be sure that you will get enough new customers or that your current customers will still easily access the new area.

With large numbers of customers buying your products, you can be sure of making profits that can help you expand your business. Experts say it would be better to move closer to your customers than move away from them.

Moving closer to your clients makes it convenient to access your products. As a result, your sales volume will increase as you make good profits.


The location you choose will determine the success of your business. Therefore, you need to ask yourself the following crucial questions before you move:

  • Is the new area safe for your business?
  • Will you get sufficient customers for your goods and services?
  • Does the new location have good infrastructure to support your business?
  • Will you find enough workforce in the area?

If the answer is ‘yes,’ you can relocate your company to the new area.


Different states or countries charge different amounts of taxes, which will significantly impact your business. If the tax rate is higher, you will likely make lower or no profits. So, you need to get a location with low tax rates to help you lower costs as you maximize profits.

Relocation Cost

While moving to a new location, check the cost of living so that you don’t end up having more expenses than savings. For instance, if the cost of living is high, you will pay more for rent and workforce than if the cost is lower.

The Anti Valentines

For those of you who know me, you will know how this article is going to go.  As Valentines draws closer and closer I can see the glint in my friend’s eyes.  The hopes and dreams they excite of, candlelit dinners, red roses, marks and spencer’s dine in for 2, followed by a piece of jewellery if their very lucky.  For weeks before it’s the advertising, the pre-ordering of roses and booking of tables.  Valentines is there to apparently show couples how in love they are with each and other and how much they can show it, at a price of course.  If you’re single on the other hand, you can forget it.  It’s a night in with a tub of Ben and Jerry’s and Bridget Jones (again).

Couples are subjected to a so called whirlwind of romance and flurries of flowers from their partners.  For that one day the social scene stops and all takes a look at couples and who can outdo each other in the romance stakes.  From dinner and a movie to a weekend away in Paris with Girardeau.  A classic valentine’s move is a romantic dinner for two at your favourite restaurant.  I mean I love a romantic meal with my beloved as much as the next person.  I just don’t want to be enjoying it with the whole restaurant enjoying it for all the same reasons.  Everyone eating from the same set menu and drinking the cheap prosecco that they couldn’t shift at Christmas is not what I deem romantic.  I mean you don’t even get a day off of work for it!  You have to spend 8 hours with your boss compiling a spread sheet on the most romantic day of the year.


The idea of Valentines actually fills me with dread and exaggerated eye rolling, perish the thought.    For the first 3 years of my relationship by boyfriend was so confused thinking it was a trick, that he booked a table for us the first year, (post eye rolling and cringe).  Instead of being a good and gracious girlfriend and accepting the invitation of a free dinner; I swiftly told him to go and unbook the table, as I was not going to be sat in a room of other ‘nauseating’ couples’.  Poor bloke they probably thought he’d been dumped when unbooking said table.  He was left confused and on edge for the remainder of the evening.

Being in a couple on 14th February I try and just dodge the limelight of the whole one up man ship on who has the ‘best’ boyfriend for one night only.  Luckily my boyfriend works away so I shall remain alone on Valentine’s Day.  The only thing I have to look forward to on Valentines is pity looks and people feeling sorry for me.  (Which I’m fine with by the way).

Now there are the uber romantics who choose to get married on Valentine’s Day.  It may sound romantic for some; it’s a day for hearts and flowers.  However having to share your anniversary with the rest of the world kind of loses it individuality for the star crossed lovers in mind.  Never again will you be able to enjoy a meal out on your anniversary, without there being a tirade of Italian waiters in cheap suits trying to romance you with £5 roses.


As much as I am the Anti-Valentines of February doom, there isn’t anything more exciting and ego pumping than getting a bunch of flowers from a secret admirer.  I can safely say for that year and that year only I embraced Valentines.  Receiving a phone call from my mum to say a bunch of red roses had been delivered to my house, was the single most ego lifting moment of my life.  A stranger delivering roses to my house, he must have been totally in love with me of course.  However I was much younger and much more easily impressed back then.  Turns out it was an ex-boyfriend trying to rekindle my heart.  Needless to say it didn’t work but top marks for effort.

If you want to impress me or any other Anti-Valentine’s Day girls, (because I know there’s more of us out there).  Then don’t follow the crowd and copy the other 6 million men out there.  Book a table sporadically, get us some flowers on a whim and cook dinner for us one day.  Just leave the 14th out of it.

Images reproduced from wrsol.com and shutterstock.com

What are the Basics of Dressing?

How you dress tells a lot about your character, making it essential to consider the outfits you decide to share with the world. You must understand the basics of dressing and what you can and cannot wear, among other essential tips, when considering your outfit. Local research shows employees who dress better than their employers have a better chance at rising through the ranks and replacing their supervisors. Here are fashion aspects you need to know to dress ideally according to the theme and essence of your planned activities.

Basics of Dressing

Avoid Playing the Part

Your outfit needs to reflect your personality and not give away what you do. Only specific professions require their workforce to have a particular dress code; it may be color-specific or company-assigned uniforms. Other organizations with the freedom to wear clothing allow you to experiment in various designs and express yourself according to how you want to be perceived.

Avoid Cloning

It is not an offense to copy an outfit you find attractive from your colleague, but it would be best to avoid overdoing it. You can observe the styles, colors, patterns, and prints that others wear and make an effort to be unique each day. Psychologists also recommend switching to tie, shirt, and suit combinations frequently to ensure those close to you do not typecast your appearance. If there is anyone you should try cloning, it is the boss; they will take it as an effort to try and look like them.

Quality Over Quantity

Quality over quantity is another fundamental aspect of dressing. Try to keep your outfit as simple as possible by including quality and genuine pieces to increase the chances of your dress standing out. Pick clothes that fit right, are well made, and look as good as new; you will feel shabby with oversized options, while tight ones are restrictive. You will find that quantity-focused outfits are mobile and can move with you quickly while their counterparts are bulky; Lulalu delivers quality bras for every woman.

Other Dressing Tips You May Need

  • It would help if you always closed the middle button on a jacket and never closed the lower one. You can button or unbutton the upper one depending on your current mood and how you want others to perceive you.
  • Do not unbutton more than two buttons when wearing a blouse or shirt.
  • If you have a tie on, ensure it reaches and crosses your waist just a little bit. Wearing a tie will depend on if you have a jacket or not; a tie is unnecessary without a coat.
  • Ladies should settle for either cleavage or a mini skirt when picking out their office outfits. Pairing the two dressing aspects will leave you looking too vulgar and less professional.
  • Ensure you have a belt on if you tuck in your shirt. Also, ensure your belt and shoes match colors for a professional appeal.

Understanding the basics of dressing is the first step to unlocking flawless outfits for work. Every individual needs to know the information shared in this article to maintain a consistent and professional dress code. Do not be afraid to accessorize; ensure you do not overdo.

How to Increase Your Fleet Efficiency

The way in which your fleet operates will directly impact your company’s ongoing profitability, reputation, and sustainability. If you want your company vehicles to play an active role in the ongoing growth of your organization, it’s highly recommended that you go above and beyond to improve their overall efficiency levels.

Advice on how to increase your fleet efficiency can be found in the article below.

Equip yourself with the right tools

If you’re to stand a chance at providing a fleet service that is truly befitting of today, it’s highly recommended that you equip yourself with a whole host of modern tech tools.

Crucially in this instance, you should seriously consider investing in driver assist technology. This tech solution will actively scan the road ahead for potential dangers. The cutting-edge algorithm will examine the oncoming scene, its overall goal being to detect other vehicles, lane changes, and pedestrians before they manifest into safety hazards. With this extra set of eyes at their disposal, your drivers will be far more likely to operate your company vehicles in an alert, astute, and ultimately efficient fashion. To find the very latest and best deals on driver-assist technology, be sure to check out iLink.

Be incredibly fuel-efficient

Your vehicles aren’t going to play a major role in your company’s ongoing growth if they are constantly breaking down. To ensure that you aren’t blighted by fleet downtime, going above and beyond to improve your fuel efficiency is advised.

There are a number of things that you can do to enhance the efficiency of your refueling operation, one of which is to plan periodic fuel stops. As soon as you know what routes your drivers are going to be taking, you should take some time to unearth fuel stations along the way. This will help to keep your vehicles on a timely course as they travel across the country, and it will also help to fend off potential wear-and-tear issues in the fuel filter.

Remain in contact with your drivers at all times

Retaining a clear, coherent, and concise flow of communication with your drivers is very much advised. By remaining in contact with your driving workforce, you will have the capacity to keep them engaged, alert, and efficient over a sustained period of time. What’s more, you will also have the ability to warn them of any traffic delays that may be awaiting them ahead.

To ensure that your drivers are capable of safely taking your calls while they’re out there on the open road, you should consider providing them with robust in-vehicle smartphone holders.

If you’re serious about taking your business from strength to strength over the course of the coming year, improving the overall efficiency of your fleet operation should be one of your top priorities. When you decide to take on this all-important challenge, be sure to remember all of the advice and guidance listed above. Do that, and you’ll be sure to build a productive driving workforce in no time.

Women’s Changing Roles in the Dating World: Part 2

Now on top of flirting, playing it cool and trying to feel empowered all at the same time there is a little media foreplay added to the mix.  Camera phones, Skype and Facebook.  Whatever did we do without all of these media mixes?  We can talk to guys on-line without even having to meet them.  We can flirt, chat and see each other without even having to go on a real date.

The dating world has changed as more and more media aids are being brought out.  The need for discretion is completely disregarded after a couple of wines at home messaging a man you met on-line.  Personally it is not something that I would become involved in, as I am older and wiser and understand that lurid pictures can and will eventually end up in the wrong hands or worse on tin-ter-net!

I think women who are little older will understand this and will be more cautious as to what pictures go into who’s hands.  However what if you are a younger woman just starting out in the dating world and this proves to be the norm.

The way in which teenagers are dating is much different say 10 years ago.  Girls as young as 12 and 13 are having full on sex.  As I am researching this I am shaking my head like a mother would at her daughters choice of Friday night attire!  Girls of 13 having sex tsk tsk!  But really it wasn’t like that when I was younger.  I knew some girls who were sexually active very young but it was with their boyfriend and that was it.  But even then at age 12 and 13 is was extremely shocking and were not considered to be very nice girls (ahem).

Sending naked pictures to people is something of the norm these days, especially for teenagers. It’s just all to easy to do, what with Bluetooth, Facebook, camera phones and Skype. It seems that before teenagers even go on dates with each other they want to see the ‘goods’ first. It’s like nothing is a mystery when it comes to dating and teenagers. Some young girls have boyfriends that they have just starting going out with and before they even gone out they are sending naked pictures to each other! I have a teenage brother who will regularly receive naked pictures from girls he is either dating or who he has not even met! He says its normal and its harmless and that no one is getting hurt.

I do believe that there is a pressure for both these boys and girls. I think there is a pressure on these boys from their peers to get girls to send them pictures. Also I think there is certainly a pressure from these girls to send pictures out to these boys. If at a younger age girls are being pressurised into sending explicit pictures to boys it maybe just another way that the dating world has evolved. I’m not saying that I agree with it and I certainly wouldn’t encourage my son or daughter to be a part of that. However with all this new technology it’s difficult for teenagers not to experiment with these things. I think it can lead to the wrong impression but these boys need to stop asking for naked pictures and these girls need to learn to say no to giving them if they don’t want them leaked into the internet. Please read more: https://topdatingreviews.net/review/victoriabrides/


Images reproduced from firsttoknow.com and west-info.eu

Dry Fruits Burfi

A perfect sweet recipe to make if you have not yet made any for this diwali or short of time to try out elaborate sweet dishes. The recipe does not call for addition of any sugar or jaggery! Just some dry fruits and nuts of your choice combined together till well mixed. This has got to be the simplest yet a royal sweet recipe I have ever come across!


Mom makes this quite often, festivals or not. I enjoy having it even as a mid morning snack!

Diwali is just round the corner and so there isn`t much time for elaborate talk. And so today I move on straight to the recipe..

And while you are here, do not forget to check out some more recipes that can very well go as part of your diwali menu..

Some visuals of the process, mom is making them & I was just clicking!
Recipe source – my amma
The following measurements are rough approximates. You can easily vary as per taste but let dates be of more quantity than the rest as it helps to bind the ingredients together easily.
Dry dates (khajur) – 500 gms
Almonds/ badam (whole) – 100 gms
Cashew/ kaju – 100 gms
Raisins/ draksh – 100 gms
Dry figs/ anjeer – 100 gms
Pistachio/ pista (plain) – 100 gms (optional)
Ghee – 2 to 3 tbsp or as needed
Deseed dates and chop fine or pulse for 2-3 times in mixer to chop them up very coarsely. Do NOT make a paste. Chop badam, cashew, pista (if adding) coarsely with knife or pulse in mixer to chop very coarsely. Chop anjeer.
Grease a tray/ thali with ghee, set side.
In a wide and thick bottom pan/ kadai put in all the chopped dry fruits, nuts, raisins. Mix once.
Add a tablespoon or two ghee, keep the pan over heat and mix and heat, stirring constantly till all the ingredients bind and stick together, forms almost one mass. You can add 1-2 tbsp more ghee if needed for sheen.
Transfer to greased tray and pat/ flatten on top to smoothen. Let cool. Cut into squares and store in airtight container.
1. The measurements given are rough approximates. You can easily vary as per taste but let dates be of more quantity than the rest as it helps to bind the ingredients together easily.
2. You can skip anjeer too and make the same with dates and the remaining dry fruits/ nuts.

Malai Kofta Curry

Before I got interested in cooking, I used to order Malai Kofta Curry whenever we ate out as I used to think that this must be a very complicated dish to make. But believe me it’s not! Not only is it easy to make, it’s not too time consuming either. It’s a fantastic dish to make as it’s rich and spicy but also contains loads of vegetables.

Ingredients for 4 servings:

Time: 45 minutes to cook  (Suggest that you allow more time for the koftas to soak in the gravy before serving)

Ingredients for the koftas:

2 cups of any mixed vegetables – (I used frozen carrots, cauliflower, green beans and peas)
1 cup of diced potatoes (I used small new potatoes)
Small bunch of fenugreek or spinach (whatever is available)
1-2 cups of breadcrumbs
1 teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon chilli powder
½ teaspoon turmeric
1 teaspoon blended green chilies
1 teaspoon blended garlic
1 teaspoon blended ginger
1 teaspoons lemon juice
½ teaspoon garam masala
1 litre oil for frying (I used sunflower oil)

Ingredients for the gravy

2 cups of blended tomatoes (I used Passata as it helps to make a thick gravy)
2-3 small onions
2-3 spoons of melted butter
½ teaspoon of cumin seeds
2-3 cloves
1-2 small sticks of cinnamon
1 teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon chilli powder
½ teaspoon turmeric
1 teaspoon blended green chilies
1 teaspoon blended garlic
1 teaspoon blended ginger
½ teaspoon of garam masala
½ teaspoon of mixture of ground cinnamon and cloves
2 teaspoons of lemon juice
2-3 teaspoons of  brown sugar (or any sweetener)
1 cup of cream – (I used double cream)
½ cup of cashew nuts
2 teaspoons of cornflour (or you can also use chick pea flour)


1. Mix the frozen vegetables, fenugreek and potatoes and cook them until soft.  I washed and drained the vegetables and microwaved them for 5 minutes and again 5 more minutes.  The time would depend on the size of your microwave.

2. When the vegetables have softened, blend them either by using a masher or a food processor.

3. Add the spices – salt, chilli powder, turmeric, blended green chillies, ginger, garlic, garam masala, lemon juice and mix.

4. Now add the breadcrumbs slowly until the mixture feels firm enough to make into small balls. You should get 15-16 kofta balls.

5. Deep fry the kofta balls.  To stop the kofta balls from being sticky -the best way to make them is to either coat your hands with some oil when forming the balls or you can dip your hands in some breadcrumbs. I tried both ways and it worked fine and the koftas fried well without breaking. In the picture below, the koftas on the left were coated with breadcrumbs and the ones on the right with oil. 

6. Now to make the gravy – Blend the tomatoes, onions and cashews in a blender.

7. Heat the butter and add in the cumin seeds, cloves and cinnamon.

8. When the cumin seeds get darker – add in the blended tomatoes.

9. Add the spices, salt, chilli powder, turmeric, blended green chillies, garlic and ginger, garam masala, ground cinnamon and cloves, lemon juice and the brown sugar or sweetener.

10. Add two cups of water to the gravy.

11. When this gravy starts to boil, lower the heat and add in the cornflour.

12. Allow the gravy to cook for 5-6 minutes and add in the double cream (saving a bit for the garnishing) and stir well.

13. Transfer the koftas to a serving dish and pour the gravy over the koftas.

14. Garnish the kofta curry with some cream and cashew nuts.

15. Allow the koftas to soak up all the gravy spices for half an hour and serve hot with rice. Be gentle when serving as you don’t want to break any of the koftas.

Spicy Parathas with Tomato, Onion, Garlic, Ginger & Coriander

My last three recipes have been on Indian sweets so this week, I thought I would share with you my recipe for parathas. Most Indian food is accompanied by rice or Indian breads like chappatis, puris, naan, parathas etc.  This version of fluffy and spicy parathas is perfect with lunch or dinner.

Ingredients for serving 4 people
Time 40-50 minutes

½ cup of passata or blended tomatoes
1 small piece of ginger
2 cloves of garlic
1 small onion
1-2 green chillies (use less if you don’t want to make them too hot)
Small bunch of finely cut coriander
1 teaspoon salt
½ teaspoon turmeric
2 tablespoons oil for the dough
3 cups of chappati flour to make the dough (Available in most supermarkets or Asian grocers – often called Atta)
½ cup flour for dusting the parathas when rolling them.
2 cups oil for frying (I use sunflower oil)


1. Add the onion, garlic, ginger and green chillies to the tomato mixture and grind it all in a blender.
2. Sieve the flour and add in the salt and turmeric and the coriander. I didn’t blend in the coriander with the passata as I wanted the porathas to have some green specks.

3. Add in the 2 tablespoons of oil and mix.

4. Using the tomato mixture, mix the dough. If you don’t have enough tomato mixture, you can use some warm water to finish making the dough . The dough should be nice and pliable. Keep this covered for 20 minutes.

5. Divide the dough into 10 or 12 equal balls.

6. You can roll out this paratha as a round paratha and lightly fry it as per my instructions below or you could use this style to create a “wow factor”.

7.  Roll out the paratha and brush some oil on one side and dust it with some flour.

8.  Fold it in half.

9. Fold it again so it is now a quarter.

10. Dust it with some flour.


10. Now roll it so that it looks like a triangle paratha

11.  Now transfer it to cook on a a frying pan (or tava if you have one).

12. Allow it to cook slightly and turn it. Once the paratha is par cooked, lightly brush it with oil and cook it until it rises.

13. Your parathas are now ready to eat on their own or with any curries or raita.

Images courtesy of Mina Joshi